The historical background of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (1974)
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The authorities of America considered the problem of juvenile delinquency as an intimidating phenomenon hampering sound social development at the end of the 19th century. “Juvenile delinquency is defined as the antisocial behavior of a minor, not more than 18 years of age, which is in violation of the general welfare of people in a larger society. Juvenile justice-state-sanctioned social reforms for children accused and found guilty of crime-seeks to address this antisocial behavior and has a long history in the United States” (Span, 2002).
The Illinois Court Act signed in 1899 created a legal basis for juvenile delinquency prevention. Instead of the traditional legal measures aimed at restoring the relations violated by the crime, various members of the public based on the ideals of … Read More